Empowerment of women and adaptation to climate change

 

About the countries

 

It is referred to our project in Laos for details about this country.  But our project extends beyond theses borders.

Myanmar is de facto a dictatorial regime under military junta. Since 1962, military dictatorships have followed one another, apart from the brief democratic parenthesis that began in 2016. 

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Further to the last coup, motivated by the army’s lucrative interests in the economy, sanctions are pouring down on the country.  Meant to affect those in power, the impact is nevertheless brutal for the country’s economy, and therefore on its population: they had i.a. the effect of putting tens of thousands of people out of work overnight.  Beyond that, they had little effect. This is largely due to the will of China in particular, more concerned about its investments in the country's natural resources rather than about human rights.

Burma's economy is one of the least developed in the world. Agriculture represents about 50% of the GDP, rice and opium (8% of world production) mobilizing the majority of cultivated land. GDP per capita in 2007 was $ 1,900 and growing at an average rate of 2.9% per year, the lowest growth rate in Southeast Asia.   Its HDI ranks 147th on 195.

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Main objectives

Located in Sekong province in Laos and the state of Kayah in eastern Myanmar, the objectives are the empowering of women facing difficulties to access productive resources (land, tools. agriculture, markets, services - credit or health), and relieve them from household tasks (next to 90% of their daily time), impacting their capacity to contribute to agricultural production (restricting access to diversified food sources) and to exploit new economics. And at the same time promoting adaptation to climate change.

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Key principles

1

Food sources will be increased and diversified (food security) using sustainable climate smart agriculture technology, i.a crop rotation, decrease of mono farming, agroforestry…

2

New women collective savings groups will be established while existing groups will be strengthened, allowing women to develop revenue generating activities.

3

Trainings will be provided to empower women on such issues as workload reduction, leadership skills, financial literacy or gender negotiation.

In cooperation with Care : www.care.lu